What You Will Learn

After finishing this tutorial you will be able to create more advanced Workflows using the PAK Editor. For an introduction to building simple Workflows, please follow this guide Simple Workflow guide.

1. Prerequisites

To complete this guide you need:

  • Roughly 20 minutes

  • The PAK Bpmn Editor ( Download )

2. Workflow Control

First let us look into the Workflow Control panel of the PAK Editor. There are various useful tools that PAK provides such as gates, Sub Workflows and grouping. For more information about the gateways look into this guide: Gateway Overview. For a more advanced documentation about Sub Workflows please look at this guide: Sub Workflow.

3. Build an Advanced Workflow

Now we start with a normal command in the Editor. The command which is used in our example can be any arbitrary command, in our case we want to build a Workflow to copy an issue any number of times. First we start with the command SimpleTextInput.

PAK Editor Advanced Workflow first

After that we need multiple more commands to do our task at least once, in our case it should look like this:

PAK Editor Advanced Workflow second

This is what one correct run through the process looks like, but we want to do it multiple times! That is why we add the „Counter“ command at the end of the Workflow and from now on we will need gateways.

3.1. Adding Gateways

Next it is time to add a gateway. In our case we need an exclusive gateway to either return to the beginning or finish the process. This works similar to a for-loop in programming languages. For more information about how to implement loops in the PAK executor please refer to the following guide: Example Workflows. In our case it looks like this then:

PAK Editor Advanced Workflows third

As you can see we added two exclusive gateways, as we need to either return to the beginning or go to the end node. Now we also need to add conditions to the paths. In our case we want the Workflow to end, when the counter is 0 or smaller. So we do that by clicking on the node and adding the condition in the properties like this:

PAK Editor Advanced Workflows fourth

Additionally, we want to return to the beginning of the Workflow if the counter is equals or greater than 1:

PAK Editor Advanced Workflows fifth

Now the Workflow will run as many times as the user declares it in the beginning and stop after it is done.

The use of the other gateways works in a similar way, that will not be discussed here. For more info look into the gateway docu mentioned above.

3.2. Sub Workflows

Now we want to make our workflow more readable and extendable. In order to do this we can create a Sub Workflow out of the commands between the gateways. For more information about Sub Workflows look into the guide mentioned above. The result looks like this:

PAK Editor Advanced Workflows sixth

This way the Workflow is easier to read and understand. In addition to that it makes it easier to extend the existing Workflow.

4. More Advanced Workflows

To give you some inspiration you can find more existing Workflows here: Example Workflows.

Sonatype Nexus

PAK features connectors and commands for Sonatype Nexus. This means the software can directly interact with Nexus repositories for storing and managing artifacts. Through these connectors, PAK can automate tasks like uploading binaries or retrieving dependencies, ensuring efficient artifact management within Nexus.


PAK has connectors and commands for Jenkins. This allows the software to directly communicate with Jenkins servers, enabling the automation of CI/CD (Continuous Integration/Continuous Deployment) tasks. Through these connectors, PAK can trigger builds, fetch build statuses, or manage job configurations, streamlining the CI/CD processes within Jenkins.

Git Hub

PAK possesses connectors and commands for GitHub. This means the software can interface directly with GitHub repositories, facilitating actions like code pushes, pull requests, or issue tracking. Through these connectors, PAK can automate various GitHub operations, enhancing code collaboration and repository management.

Atlassian Confluence

PAK is equipped with connectors and commands for Atlassian Confluence. This enables the software to directly interact with Confluence spaces and pages. Through these connectors, PAK can automate actions such as creating, updating, or retrieving documentation, ensuring efficient content management and collaboration within Confluence.


PAK features connectors and commands for Codebeamer. This allows the software to seamlessly integrate with Codebeamer’s ALM (Application Lifecycle Management) platform. Through these connectors, PAK can automate tasks like issue tracking, test management, or requirements tracing, enhancing the coordination and management of software development processes.

JFrog Artifactory

PAK has connectors and commands for JFrog Artifactory. This means the software can directly interface with Artifactory repositories, enabling actions like artifact storage, retrieval, and management. Through these connectors, PAK can automate tasks such as deploying artifacts or managing repository configurations, streamlining the integration and management of binary artifacts within Artifactory.

Amazon Web Services (AWS)

PAK has connectors and commands for Amazon Web Services (AWS). This means the software possesses specialized interfaces to directly interact with AWS services and execute actions on the AWS platform. Through these connectors, PAK can automate AWS-specific commands, such as launching EC2 instances, managing S3 buckets, or configuring Lambda functions. This allows for efficient integration, management, and automation of AWS resources and services directly from PAK.

Atlassian Jira

PAK features integration tools and capabilities for Atlassian Jira. These tools allow for a direct connection to Jira and the execution of specific actions. Using these integration tools, PAK can automate Jira actions such as adding comments or changing ticket priorities, ensuring seamless handling and coordination of Jira processes.


PAK has connectors and commands for Git. This means it has interfaces to directly communicate with Git and execute actions. Through these connectors, the software can automate Git commands such as retrieving changes or creating branches, enabling efficient integration and management of Git tasks.

Generic Human Tasks

PAK offers you a standard set of commands which require creative input from the user. Enables you to start with automating your workflows, that still need abit of human input.

Generic Commands

PAK offers a standard set of commands giving you the first steps to automate your workflows.

Nexus Maven Command Pool

Nexus is an artifact repository manager for storing binaries, libraries, and artifacts, supporting formats like Maven. Maven, a software project management tool, is based on the Project Object Model (POM) and allows developers to consistently define projects and dependencies. Our Command Pool offers commands for interactions between Maven and Nexus, such as artifact uploads or dependency retrieval.

Artifactory Maven Command Pool

Artifactory allows developers to store, retrieve, and manage binary files and artifacts, providing a
central source for all binaries used in a development process. Apache Maven is a software project
management and comprehension tool that enables developers to consistently describe a project and
its dependencies. Our Command Pool offers a collection of commands used to facilitate interactions
between Maven and Artifactory, such as uploading artifacts or retrieving dependencies.

Open API Command Interpreter

The OpenApi Command Interpreter allows you the automatic parsing of commands from an OpenApi defintion. No additional code needs to be written anymore, just add the address to the definition and our framework does the rest!

Kotlin Command Interpreter

The Kotlin Command Interpreter allows you the parsing and execution of commands within a Kotlin environment to automate various tasks or processes.

Bpmn Interpreter

Workflows come in many shapes and forms. The BPMN (Business Process Model and Notation) Interpreter enables the parsing of worklows defined in the BPMN format into the PAK intern model.

Human Task Interpreter

The Human Task Interpreter allows you the parsing and running of commands within a HTML and Javascript environment. Use this to build commands which need the creative input of a workflow user!

Java Command Interpreter

The Java Command Interpreter allows you the parsing and execution of commands within a Java
environment to automate various tasks or processes.


The heart of the PAK-Framework. Contains the means to run workflows with the PAK engine, but also the possibility to enrich the frameworks interfaces with your own implementations and solutions.

RocksDB Persistence

Data that is generated by a workflow run needs to be saved for short or longer terms. Our solution to the Persistence Interface of the PAK-Framework is to use the high-performance, key-value based RocksDB developed by Facebook.

PAK online

PAK Online is a web based application and provides an Open API based REST API. It enables you to upload workflows and run them periodically or on REST demand.

Command Line App

Run tasks and workflows on the console or as part of a CI/CD Pipeline with our Command Line Interface.

Workflow Editor

With our specially developed editor, a wide variety of workflows can be easily modeled in the wide known BPMN process format.

Workflow Executor

The Workflow Executor is the application to run your workflows. It features a multilingual UI and easy managment of your favorite workflows.


We offer a community website where you can exchange ideas and support each other. For our Pro packages we also offer full support via email.